Lasithi

Get a glimpse of Lasithi

The regional unit of Lasithi is the easternmost in Crete. Lasithi is washed by the sea on its three sides: the Cretan Sea on the north, the Carpathian Sea on the east and the Libyan Sea on the south. Heraklion Prefecture is on the west having Dikti mountain range as its natural boundary. Agios Nikolaos is the capital of Lasithi Prefecture. Ierapetra and Siteia are also important cities on the northeast end of the prefecture.

The coordinates of the prefecture are Ν 35o 05΄, Ε 25ο 50΄ and its area is 1.818 square kilometers , 23,58 out of which are the surrounding islands that belong to it..

The land is mostly mountainous and Dikti mountain range is predominant (otherwise Lasithiotika Ori) in the boundaries of the regional units of Lasithi and Heraklion, and occupies completely the province of Lasithi and part of the provinces of Mirambello and Ierapetra. There is a second mountain range on the east, Siteiaka Ori.

There are many valleys with olive trees, with the two biggest ones in Ierapetra and Neapoli, and there are also smaller ones among the mountains, usually near the coast.

There are two plateaus; the most famous is the one of Lasithi and Katharo Plateau (in the Municipal Department of Kritsa, in the Municipality of Agios Nikolaos).

There are also enough gorges and the biggest one is Ha Gorge (at the 24th kilometer of Agios Nikolaos- Ierapetra at Papoura slope).

There are no remarkable rivers, just some streams and the only visible waters are various springs that are exploited in irrigation works.

The coastline of Lasithi Prefecture is diverse with the big bay of Mirambello, a lagoon (Voulismeni of Agios Nikolaos), and many clean beaches, small and big ports (Agios Nikolaos and Siteia ports on the north and Ierapetra port on the south).

The islands that belong to the prefecture are numerous and interesting, each for its own reason. Spinalonga, the Venetian fortress-island that was also used as a gathering place for lepers, Agioi Pantes that is a reserve for Cretan wild goats (“kri-kri”), Kolokytha, Pseira, Dionysades with their ancient findings, Elasa, Koufonisi, Chrysi which has an endemic cedar species, etc…

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